Cat Replica and Mating: Vet-Authorized Details & Clarification

Dr. Lauren Demos (DVM) Photo

The knowledge is present and up-to-date in accordance with the most recent veterinarian analysis.

Be taught extra »

Cat breeders and veterinarians aren’t the one ones who have to know concerning the feline reproductive system and mating behaviors. Whereas the typical cat proprietor doesn’t should be an professional, having common data may also help you monitor their well being and care for your cat higher. Understanding what’s regular and what’s irregular is crucial in making common sense calls in your cat’s well-being and getting them skilled assist when wanted.

There’s lots to find out about cat replica and mating. So, we’ll go over the essential info that’s useful for cat homeowners and reply frequent questions that folks have about them.

Cat ball divider 1

When Do Cats Attain Sexual Maturity?

Cats attain sexual maturity at a comparatively early age. They often turn out to be sexually mature and are capable of reproduce earlier than they turn out to be a yr outdated. Most cats undergo puberty at round 6 months outdated, but it surely’s doable for some feminine cats to undergo their first warmth cycle as quickly as 4 months outdated.

tabby cats walking and twisting their tail to a heart shape
Picture Credit score: Bachkova Natalia, Shutterstock

Anatomy of Cat Reproductive System

Female and male cats have distinctive reproductive methods that operate to supply eggs and sperm. Whereas their reproductive methods share some similarities with human reproductive methods, you’ll discover just a few important variations within the phases of their reproductive cycles.

Male Cat Reproductive System

Listed below are the principle components of a male cat’s reproductive system:

  • Testes
  • Epididymis
  • Bulbourethral Glands
  • Prostate Gland
  • Ductus Deferens
  • Penis


The testes, or testicles, are located within the scrotum and produce sperm. Testosterone is the hormone that influences sperm manufacturing, and it’s additionally produced within the testes.


The epididymis connects the testes to the ductus deferens. It’s a tube-like construction that performs a key position in sperm growth, storage, and transportation. Sperm sometimes takes an additional 10 to 12 days to mature within the epididymis after being launched from the testes.

brown cat licking grooming its genital
Picture Credit score: Wirestock Creators, Shutterstock

Bulbourethral Glands

The bulbourethral glands, extra generally often called Cowper’s gland, are a pair of glands that produce mucus that helps sperm journey. They’re accent glands which might be situated close to the prostate gland.

Prostate Gland

Its principal operate is to supply the principle fluid that makes up a seminal fluid. This fluid is combined with fluids from different glands and sperm from the testicles to create semen.

Ductus Deferens

The ductus deferens, or vas deferens, is a continuation of the epididymis. It transports seminal fluid from the epididymis to the urethra.


A male cat’s penis has papillae protruding from its floor. The papillae are little spines that operate to stimulate ovulation in feminine cats. They disappear after a cat will get neutered.

Yellow cat licks his penis
Picture Credit score: nokchu, Shutterstock

Cat ball divider 1

Feminine Cat Reproductive System

Listed below are the principle components of a feminine cat’s reproductive system:

  • Ovaries
  • Fallopian Tubes
  • Uterus
  • Cervix
  • Vagina and Vulva
  • Mammary Glands
Picture Credit score: absolutimages, Shutterstock


The ovaries’ principal operate is to supply eggs and feminine sexual hormones, resembling estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen aids within the growth of eggs, whereas progesterone helps with getting the uterus prepared for being pregnant.

Fallopian Tubes

The fallopian tubes, or oviducts, join the ovaries and the uterus. It’s a passageway that transports fertilized eggs to the uterus.


The uterus homes fertilized eggs and is the area the place fetuses develop. It has three layers that operate to guard the fetuses and assist implant the placenta. They’re versatile and can increase because the fetuses develop, and so they additionally contract when it’s time for the cat to provide delivery.

Female Cat Genital
Picture Credit score: Tosha Bu, Shutterstock


The cervix connects the uterus to the vagina. It’s designed to stop infections by staying closed. Nonetheless, it’ll chill out when a cat is able to give delivery.

Vagina and Vulva

The vagina is the passageway that sperm journey by way of, and it additionally offers secure passage for the kittens throughout delivery. The vulva protects the vaginal opening.

Mammary Glands

Feminine cats have 4 pairs of mammary glands. They turn out to be lively with being pregnant and work to supply milk for nursing kittens.

Cat ball divider 1

Feline Mating Season

Cats are polyestrous animals, which signifies that they undergo a number of estrus cycles per yr. The time period “estrus” refers to a interval of sexual receptivity and can also be also known as a warmth cycle or a mating cycle. On common, feminine cats can undergo two to a few warmth cycles in a single mating season and delivery two to a few litters of kittens per yr.

two white cats rub faces on the grass, positive associations, bonding
Picture Credit score: Oleg Shishkunov, Shutterstock

Feline Breeding Conduct

Within the northern hemisphere, it’s frequent for mating season to begin in February and final by way of October. Plainly the elevated size of daylight triggers estrous exercise in cats. Feminine cats are able to mate after they’re within the estrus stage of their warmth cycle.

If a feminine cat in warmth is close to a male cat, the male cat will often first take time to look at her conduct to find out if she’s able to mate. If he sees her exhibiting mating conduct, he’ll begin to method her. The feminine cat will then get into the place of lordosis. She’s going to lie down together with her hindlimbs elevated and her tail up.

The male cat will then mount the feminine cat and can chunk her neck to maintain her in place. As soon as ejaculation happens, he’ll launch her and transfer away from her. This may final anyplace between 1 to 4 minutes.The feminine cat will often exhibit a set of sure behaviors instantly afterward. She might roll round or rub herself on completely different objects. She will additionally lick the vulvar space. The male cat will sometimes keep close by and observe her. As soon as she has settled down, the cats often reengage and mate once more, and cats can mate many occasions per day.

Cat ball divider 1Male Cat Conduct Throughout Mating Season

Male cats have a longtime territory that they possess. As soon as the mating season begins and feminine cats in his territory are exhibiting indicators of being in warmth, he often begins to behave in another way.

Male cat mating conduct consists of a number of actions. Some of the notable behavioral modifications is the male cat mating name. This mating name is absolutely loud and sometimes sounds just like the cat is yowling in ache.

Male cats can even begin to enhance urine marking and spraying to draw a mate. They usually turn out to be stressed and extra lively. It’s vital to maintain a detailed eye on pet cats throughout mating season as a result of they’re more likely to roam and escape from their houses to seek for a mate.

One other factor chances are you’ll discover from pet male cats is elevated aggressiveness. They might decide fights with different cats or pets in the home as a way of defending their territory.

tabby cat spraying outdoors to mark territory
Picture Credit score: Helen Liam, Shutterstock

Feminine Cat Conduct Throughout Mating Season

Feminine cats can share sure behaviors which might be just like male cats after they’re in warmth. Like male cats, they’ll turn out to be extra vocal to draw a mate, turn out to be extra lively, and are more likely to roam. Some feminine cats might urinate extra often, and it’s believed that they do that to let male cats know that they’re able to mate.

Feminine cats which might be in warmth usually begin to elevate their hindquarters within the air and swish their tails back and forth. Some feminine cats might act extra affectionate and attention-seeking. They could ask for extra pets and can rub themselves in opposition to you. They’ll even have bursts of aggression, and it’s frequent for them to shuttle between being affectionate and irritated.

It’s vital to notice that feminine cats undergo menstruation cycles, but it surely’s not frequent for them to bleed. So, should you discover any recognizing or bleeding, it’s greatest to contact your veterinarian immediately. Whereas gentle recognizing might not pose an issue, bleeding can nonetheless point out an underlying medical concern, like a urinary tract an infection.

Picture Credit score: SOMRERK-WITTHAYANANT, Shutterstock

Cat ball divider 1Is It Attainable to Calm Down Cats Whereas They’re in Warmth?

Cat conduct throughout their mating season can check the endurance of many cat homeowners. Your cat is more likely to turn out to be louder and extra demanding. Some cats additionally turn out to be extra aggressive. You’ll should maintain a better eye in your cat as a result of they’ll attempt to escape and go exterior to discover a mate.

There are some issues you are able to do to settle down a cat in warmth. First, it’s vital to maintain male cats aside to stop aggressive behaviors and fights. Some cats will admire having a heating pad or scorching water bottle. Ensure to play together with your cat to assist them expend a few of their vitality. Some cats may additionally settle down should you give them catnip.

It’s vital to do not forget that even should you do all this stuff, your cat might not settle down throughout the mating season. On the finish of the day, these behaviors are regular, and your cat can’t assist however interact in them. It’s vital to not present frustration, anger, or annoyance towards your cat throughout mating season.

Spaying or neutering your cat may also help scale back these behaviors, as cats not really feel the necessity to mate. So, should you’re not planning to breed your cats, it’s greatest to have them spayed or neutered. Feminine Warmth Cycle and Being pregnant

A feminine cat’s warmth cycle from mating to birthing kittens consists of six phases:

  • Proestrus
  • Estrus
  • Interestrus
  • Diestrus
  • Anestrus
  • Gestation

The proestrus part lasts between 1 to 2 days and is the interval that prepares cats to enter the estrus stage. The estrus stage is extra generally often called when cats go into warmth. You’ll discover behavioral modifications in cats throughout this stage, and so they’ll be receptive to mating. The estrus stage can final anyplace between 2 to 19 days.

If the feminine cat doesn’t mate, she’ll go into the interestrus stage, which may final between 13 to 18 days. After the top of this stage, she’ll undergo one other estrus stage. If a feminine cat does mate throughout the estrus stage, she’ll enter the diestrus stage. This stage happens when the feminine cat has ovulated.

ginger tabby cat looking up meowing
Picture Credit score: savitskaya iryna, Shutterstock

The anestrus stage merely refers back to the timespan of when cats are usually not going by way of a warmth cycle. If a cat does enter the diestrus stage, she is going to then enter the gestation interval. Gestation often lasts between 63 to 65 days till the cat offers delivery to her litter. Feminine cats will be able to mate once more 8 weeks after giving delivery to kittens.Cat ball divider 1


It’s usually beneficial for pet cats to be neutered or spayed due to the challenges that include cat mating seasons. These procedures additionally assist scale back the stray cat inhabitants and overcrowding in animal shelters.

When you select to look after cats that haven’t been spayed or neutered, it’s important to grasp the feline reproductive system and mating behaviors so that you just’re ready to behave if one thing is fallacious. As a result of a cat’s reproductive system performs a big position of their well being and well-being, be certain that to contact your veterinarian should you discover something unusual or irregular.

Featured Picture Credit score: Magui RF, Shutterstock

This Article is Supply Fromwww.catster.com

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

Leave a reply

Compare items
  • Total (0)
Shopping cart